Current law allows only one parent the right to designate the primary residence of the child either within a defined geographic area or without regard to geographic location. Beginning September 1, 2009, it is no longer necessary to name one parent who has the sole right to designate the primary residence of the child provided that the child’s primary residence is within a specifically defined geographic area.
Relocation cases result when one parent wishes to move with the child outside of a defined geographic area and the other parent does not want the child to move from that area. A child who is 12 years or older may express a preference regarding whether the child wishes to move with a parent. The decision whether to permit relocation outside of a defined geographic area is dependent on the specific facts of a case. Some parents work with parenting coordinators, mental health professionals, or child specialists to assist in resolving conflicts associated with relocation cases.